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AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure - Centrifugal Compressors

A Guide to Performance Evaluation and Site Testing
 E-Book
Sofort lieferbar | Lieferzeit:3-5 Tage I
ISBN-13:
9781118642528
Einband:
E-Book
Seiten:
64
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
E-Book
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

AIChE's first manual for testing and measuring performance ofcentrifugal compressors
The newest addition to AIChE's long-running Equipment TestingProcedure series, Centrifugal Compressors: A Guide toPerformance Evaluation and Site Testing provides chemicalengineers, plant managers, and other professionals with helpfuladvice to assess and measure the performance of a key component ina number of chemical process operations. From petrochemicalrefining and natural gas production to air separation plants,efficient, safe, and environmentally-sound operations depend onreliable performance by centrifugal compressors.

The book presents a step-by-step approach to preparing for,planning, executing, and analyzing tests of centrifugalcompressors, with an emphasis on methods that can be conductedon-site--and with an acknowledgement of the strengths andlimitations of these methods. The book opens with an extensive anddetailed section offering definitions of relevant terms explainednot only in words, but also with the equations used to determinetheir values. The book then goes on to address:
* Selection of instrumentation and identification of elements tobe measured
* Strategies for data collection and evaluation
* Recommendations for when to schedule testing
* Pre-test, in-test, and post-test considerations (i.e.,equipment, safety, process, and environmental)
* Computation and interpretation of results, including guidelinesfor field modifications and analysis of results

The book concludes with appendices for applicable codes andstandards, relevant symbols and nomenclature, and values generatedfrom a sample performance test. With its engineer-tested proceduresand thorough explanations, Centrifugal Compressors is anessential text for anyone engaged in implementing new technology inequipment design, identifying process problems, and optimizingequipment performance.
100.0 PURPOSE & SCOPE 1

101.0 Purpose 1

102.0 Scope 1

200.0 DEFINITION AND DESCRIPTION OF TERMS 3

300.0 TEST PLANNING 18

301.0 General Guidance 18

302.0 Communication 18

400.0 INSTRUMENTS AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT 19

401.0 Minimum Instrumentation for Checking Compressor Performance 19

402.0 The Ideal Beginning 19

403.0 Schematic of Test Piping and Instrumentation 20

404.0 When Should Tests be Conducted? 20

405.0 Test Planning 20

405.1 Test Codes 21

405.2 Equipment 21

405.3 Process Considerations 22

405.4 Safety 22

405.5 Environmental Considerations 22

405.6 Pre-Test Inspection of Physical Facilities 22

406.0 Conducting the Test 23

407.0 Duration of Test Points 24

408.0 Selecting Instruments and Methods of Measurement 25

409.0 Testing Methods25

409.1 Pressure and Temperature Measurement 25

409.2 Gas Component Measurement27

409.3 Flow Measurement27

409.4 Power Measurement 28

409.5 Speed Measurement 29

500.0 TEST PROCEDURE 30

501.0 Site Test 30

502.0 Test Planning 30

503.0 Test Measurements 31

504.0 Test Procedure 32

600.0 COMPUTATION OF RESULTS 34

700.0 EVALUATION OF RESULTS35

701.0 Guidelines for Field Modifications 35

702.0 Error Analysis with Example 36

800.0 APPENDIX 40

801.0 Applicable Codes and Specifications 40

802.0 List of Symbols and Notations 41-42

803.0 Subscripts 42

804.0 Results of Sample Performance Test 43

With its engineer-tested procedures and thorough explanations, Centrifugal Compressors is an essential text for anyone engaged in implementing new technology in equipment design, identifying process problems, and optimizing equipment performance.  This condensed book presents a step by step approach to preparing for, planning, executing, and analyzing tests of centrifugal compressors, with an emphasis on methods that can be conducted on-site and with an acknowledgement of the strengths and limitations of these methods. The book opens with an extensive and detailed section offering definitions of relevant terms, which are explained not only in words, but also with the equations used to determine their values.  Other discussion topics include: Selection of instrumentation and identification of elements to be measured; Strategies for data collection and evaluation; Recommendations for when to schedule tests; Pre-test, in-test, and post-test considerations (equipment, safety, process, environmental); and Computation and interpretation of results, including guidelines for field modifications and analysis of results.

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