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Food and Package Engineering

 E-Book
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ISBN-13:
9781119949770
Einband:
E-Book
Seiten:
466
Autor:
Scott A. Morris
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
E-Book
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

For the first time, engineering for the packaging industry -and for the biggest packaging user, food processing - ispresented in a way that clearly demonstrates its interconnected,globally integrated nature. Food and Package Engineering isa groundbreaking work that serves as a comprehensive guide to thecomplexities and the potential of the industry.
Packaging draws on nearly every aspect of science, technology,business, social science, and engineering. Rather thanpresent a traditionally linear view of these topics, the authortakes a "Packaging Cycle" approach by guiding readers through thelife of the package from raw materials and conversion, operations,distribution, retail, all the way to recycling or disposal by theconsumer. Food and Package Engineering includes many essentialtopics usually not addressed in other food engineering or packagingtexts, including:
* Raw materials production and conversion
* Inventory management and production scheduling
* Regulations, security and food safety
* Recycling and landfill issues
* Transportation systems and distribution packaging
* Evaluation of developing technologies

The comprehensive approach of this volume provides a frameworkto discuss critical interrelated topics such as economics,politics, and natural resources.

Intended for readers with varying levels of experience, Foodand Package Engineering provides multi-level accessibility toeach topic, allowing both students and professionals to find usefulinformation and develop technical expertise. Rather than being asimple exposition of technical knowledge, the book provides bothreal-world examples and challenging problems that requireconsideration at several different levels.

Extensively illustrated and meticulously researched, Food andPackage Engineering offers both a technical and a real-worldperspective of the field. The text serves the student or industryprofessional at any level or background as an outstanding learningand reference work for their professional preparation andpractice.
InhaltsangabePreface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

1. Basic Elements of Food Processing and Packaging 3

The Packaging Cycle 3

Food Processing 5

The Information Cycle 6

Economics, Marketing, and Packaging 7

Fundamental Packaging Functions 11

Engineering Design versus Trial and Error 14

2. Engineering Basics 17

The Fundamental Concepts of Engineering Analysis 17

Basics of Engineering 17

Engineering Analysis 18

Mass Balances 24

Energy Balances and Thermodynamics 26

Mechanical, Electrical, and Other Types of Non-thermal Energy 32

Mechanics of Materials 43

Fluid Flow Systems 50

Rheology 55

Heat Transfer 59

Alternative Food Processing Technologies 68

Microwave Heating and Processing Principles 70

Refrigeration 72

Mass Transfer 79

Drying, Dehydration, and Psychrometry 82

Appendixes 87

3. Raw Materials 97

Wood and Fiber 97

Ceramic Materials 99

Metals 100

Petrochemicals – Oil and Natural Gas 103

Other Gases – Propellants and Industrial Gases 104

Energy 104

4. Conversion of Raw Materials to Package Components 107

Paper 107

Glass 119

Metal Packaging Materials 129

Production of Steel 131

Aluminum Production 135

Plastics and Synthetic Polymers 142

5. Secondary Packaging Components 173

Closures 173

Glues and Adhesives 175

Other Bonding Agents 182

Aerosols 185

Microwave Packaging 189

Printing and Coding Processes 193

Coding, Scanning, and Identification Methods 203

6. Processes Calculations and Their Applications 207

Thermal Processing 207

Calculation of Thermal Process Times 208

Thermal Process Calculations 213

Aseptic Packaging 219

Commercial Microwave Processing 221

Alternate Processing Technologies 221

Light-Based Processing 221

Pulsed and Oscillating EMF Treatments 222

Ultrasonic Methods 223

High-Pressure Processing 223

Refrigeration and Freezing of Foods 224

Drying of Foods 227

Freeze-Drying 232

Irradiation 234

Concentration and Separation of Food Products 239

7. Food Preservation and Shelf Life 253

Introduction 253

Deterioration of Food Products 254

Shelf Life Testing 257

Examples of Specific Chemical Degradation Reactions 260

Environmental Agents and Shelf Life Reduction 263

Water Activity and Water Mobility 271

Microbial Product Changes 274

Shelf Life Extension by Preservative Agents 277

Package-Product Interaction 278

Active Packaging 281

Packaging and Shelf Life of Specific Food Types 283

Appendixes 293

8. Packaging Machinery, Filling, and Plant Operations 299

Machinery Types 299

Machinery Acquisition 307

Plant Operations 309

Production Optimization 313

Supply Chain Management 317

Inventory Management Techniques 322

Manufacturing Quality Assurance and Quality Control 325

Hypothesis Testing as a Problem-Solving Tool 334

Ergonomics 336

9. Transportation, Distribution, and Product Damage 343

Energy Efficiency 343

Distribution and Warehousing 345

Distribution Packaging 349

Response of Packages to Shipping and Handling 355

Dynamic Considerations in Packaging 355

Packaging Design for the Dynamic Environment 369

Package Design and Testing 371

10. Food Regulation, Safety Systems, and Security 379

Food and Packaging Regulation His

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